How Do You Mitigate Coastal Processes?

How do human activities interfere with coastal processes?

Human activities add another layer of complexity to the natural processes of coastal lands and materials.

They may affect sources of new sediment to the coast and the movement of sediment within the coastal environment; they may promote changes in sea level, both local and global..

What are coastal features?

A coast is a strip of land that meets an ocean or sea. … Coasts have many different features, such as caves and cliffs, beaches and mudflats. Tides, waves, and water currents (flow) shape the land to form these coastal features.

What are the main coastal processes?

There are three main processes at work in the sea. These are erosion, transportation and deposition.

What is mitigation method?

A mitigation action is a specific action, project, activity, or process taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and property from hazards and their impacts. … The actions to reduce vulnerability to threats and hazards form the core of the plan and are a key outcome of the planning process.

What are the 4 processes of coastal transportation?

Traction – large pebbles and boulders are rolled along the seafloor. Saltation – beach material is bounced along the seafloor. Suspension – beach material is suspended and carried by the waves. Solution – material is dissolved and carried by the water.

What are the two main types of coastal management?

There are two types of coastal management:Hard engineering – this involves building structures to protect the coast.Soft engineering – this involves working with nature by using natural materials or allowing nature to take back areas.

What are the impacts of coastal erosion?

As global sea level rises, the action of waves at higher elevations increases the likelihood for extensive coastal erosion. Already, coastal erosion costs roughly $500 million per year for coastal property loss, including damage to structures and loss of land.

How is the shoreline affected by coastal processes?

The shoreline is affected by waves (produced by wind at sea) and tides (produced by the gravitational effect of the moon and sun). Waves are caused by wind. Wave height in the open ocean is determined by three factors.

What are the 4 types of coastal erosion?

ErosionHydraulic action – this is the sheer power of the waves as they smash against the cliff. … Abrasion – this is when pebbles grind along a rock platform, much like sandpaper. … Attrition – this is when rocks that the sea is carrying knock against each other. … Solution – this is when sea water dissolves certain types of rocks.

What are the 4 erosion processes?

The four main types of river erosion are abrasion, attrition, hydraulic action and solution. Abrasion is the process of sediments wearing down the bedrock and the banks. Attrition is the collision between sediment particles that break into smaller and more rounded pebbles.

What is coastal mitigation?

Seawall A seawall is a hard structure constructed parallel to the coastline that reduce the effects of strong waves and to defend the coast around a town from sea erosion. … • Investigation of the area, soil stability should be considered.

How can coastal processes be prevented?

Hard structural/engineering options use structures constructed on the beach (seawalls, groynes, breakwaters/artificial headlands) or further offshore (offshore breakwaters). These options influence coastal processes to stop or reduce the rate of coastal erosion.