Quick Answer: What Is The Architectural Style Of Taj Mahal?

What’s inside the Taj Mahal?

Inside the Taj Mahal, the cenotaphs honoring Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan are enclosed in an eight-sided chamber ornamented with pietra dura (an inlay with semi-precious stones) and a marble lattice screen.

But the gorgeous monuments are just for show: The real sarcophagi are in a quiet room below, at garden level..

What are the architectural features of Taj Mahal?

The tomb is the central focus of the entire complex of the Taj Mahal. It is a large, white marble structure standing on a square plinth and consists of a symmetrical building with an iwan (an arch-shaped doorway) topped by a large dome and finial. Like most Mughal tombs, the basic elements are Persian in origin.

Why is the Taj Mahal considered an architectural marvel?

Taj Mahal is regarded as one of the eight wonders of the world, and some Western historians have noted that its architectural beauty has never been surpassed. … Taj Mahal was built by a Muslim, Emperor Shah Jahan (died 1666 C.E.) in the memory of his dear wife and queen Mumtaz Mahal at Agra, India.

Why tajmahal is 7 Wonders?

The Taj Mahal was built in 1648 by Shah Jehan as a memorial to his wife. Today, it is listed as one of the new Seven Wonders of the World. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, lost his wife Mumtaz Mahal on June 17, 1631. … It is the final resting place of Arjuman Banu, also know as Mumtaz Mahal.

Which marble is used in Taj Mahal?

Makrana marblesThe world famous Taj Mahal monument was built from the Makrana marbles. There have been several other buildings and monuments of national importance, which were built from this marble. One such important example is the Victoria Memorial in Kolkata.

Was Taj Mahal a Shiva temple?

Shah Jahan, belonging to the lineage of the first Mughal Emperor Babur, built Taj Mahal back in 17th century in the loving memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal. … One such legend has it that Taj Mahal was once a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and known by the name of ‘Tejo Mahalya’.

What was before Taj Mahal?

India’s official recorded history says that Mughal (or Mogul) ruler Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal in memory of his queen, Mumtaj Mahal. … “There was a haveli [mansion] owned by Hindu ruler Jai Singh which existed before the Taj was built there. “Shah Jahan officially bought the haveli from him.

How many gates are there in Taj Mahal?

3 entrance gatesThere are 3 entrance gates to the Taj Mahal.

What type of structure is the Taj Mahal?

The focus of the Taj Mahal is the white marble tomb. Like most Mughal tombs, the basic elements are Persian in origin: a symmetrical building with an iwan, an arch-shaped doorway, topped by a large dome. The tomb stands on a square plinth. The base structure is a large, multi-chambered structure.

Who made Taj Mahal and for whom?

Ustad Ahmad LahouriUstad IsaTaj Mahal/Architects

What is the Taj Mahal used for today?

MausoleumMonumentTaj Mahal/Function

What forces act on the Taj Mahal?

Fores that act on the Taj Mahal–Gravity Internal Force–its own weight and the tourists weight that is the external weight that acts on it. Gravity acts on the Taj Mahal, since it is made of marble, the bead load is extremely heavy,the Taj Mahal. Over,1000 elephants were used to transport building materials.

How many pillars does the Taj Mahal have?

four pillarsThe Pillars of Taj Mahal are designed in such a way that the monument is not destroyed by any natural calamity. All the four pillars that protect the structure lean outward.

How many minarets are there in Taj Mahal?

four minaretsThe marble structure is topped by a bulbous dome and surrounded by four minarets of equal height.

Who is the main architecture of Taj Mahal?

For its construction, masons, stone-cutters, inlayers, carvers, painters, calligraphers, dome builders and other artisans were requisitioned from the whole of the empire and also from the Central Asia and Iran. Ustad-Ahmad Lahori was the main architect of the Taj Mahal.

What are the four pillars of Taj Mahal called?

More Information about Taj Mahal The four pillars (called minarets) around the main dome are slightly tilted so that they fall away from the central tomb, in case they were to collapse. The Taj Mahal is a perfectly symmetrical building except at one place, and that is the tomb of the Emperor and his Queen.

Is the Taj Mahal a shell structure?

The dome of the Taj Mahal in Agra, India, is one of the most famous shell structures in the world. … shape of a shell structure.

What is beneath Taj Mahal?

Many such doorways of chambers in secret rooms underneath the Taj Mahal have been sealed with brick and lime. … Shah Jahan covered these ventilators with stone-brick or marble brick to hide any Hindu origin. He hid the Hindu idols and images in those rooms.

Who gave land for Taj Mahal?

Originally, the land where the Taj Mahal presently stands belonged to the Kachhwahas of Ajmer (Rajasthan). The land was acquired from them in lieu of four havelis as is testified by a court historian, Abdul Hamid Lahauri, in his work titled the Badshah-Namah and the firmans (royal decrees).

Why there is no light in Taj Mahal?

“First of all, Taj Mahal does not need lighting at all. It is a marble structure and can be seen in all its glory in natural night. It is absolutely unwise to illuminate it with artificial lighting, which attracts insects. On full moon day, one can see Taj in all its splendor.

Why does the Taj Mahal face south?

Muslim tradition forbids elaborate decoration of graves, so the bodies of Mumtaz and Shah Jahan are laid in a relatively plain, marble faced chamber, beneath the main chamber of the Taj. They are buried in graves on a north-south axis, with faces turned right (west) toward Mecca.